Syllabus of the lecture course Practical basics of scientific work (B130P16)


The course gives information on the basics of scientific practice in modern experimental biology. It is designed for students that intend to study experimental biology specializations. The basics of research practice, planning of experiments, methods of their evaluation, principles of laboratory work, guidelines for writing protocols and ethical rules will be described in detail. Participants will be informed about useful techniques of mining in scientific databases and handling with these data as well as about scientific contribution preparation (poster and presentation, scientific paper), including bachelor and master thesis.

Guaranteed by: 130

State: taught

Winter term: 0/2 C (hours/week)

Credits: 2

Valid from: from 2006i

Teachers: Jan Petrášek, PhD, Katarina Kurtović, MSc

Requirements for getting credits:
1) Active participation in lectures
2) Completion of tests on searching, processing and presentation of bibliographic, scientometric and sequence data
3) Preparation of the scientific manuscript


Winter term 2023/24:


Thursday, 16:30, Viničná 5, 2nd floor, seminar room of the Department of Experimental Plant Biology (room "KFR").

For this semester, we have 17 bachelor students and 7 master students in the course, 20 of you would be in principle interested to be involved in scientific research, which is great! We have now 12 students from Czech and Slovak Republic, 5 from Spain, 3 from France, and 1 from Italy, Lithuania, Ukraine and Germany.


Lectures of winter term 2023/24:


1 Basics of research work

5.10.      1.1 The character of scientific work in the experimental biology
12.10.    1.2 Observation and experiment as the two main activities of scientists
19.10.    1.3 Scientific institutions, organizations, conferences, and social networks

                    Scientific contributions at the seminars and conferences, rules for effective abstract writing

26.10.    1.4 Ethical rules of scientific work including bad habits in scientific writing
              1.5 Financing of the scientific research

2 Handling with experimental data

2.11.       2.1 Organization of work, type of data
               2.2 Data explorers, correct data handling and saving
               2.3 Spreadsheets, statistical software, graph editors
9.11.       2.4 Processing of structural and sequence data
               2.5 Image analysis, graphical software, presentation software


3 Scientific literature

16.11.     3.1 Types of scientific reports and their purpose
               3.2 Internet sources of information

23.11.     3.3 How to search for bibliographic
records and full text articles - good and bad habits - Homework 1
3.3.1 Bibliographic databases accessible at our faculty

                   3.3.2 Full text databases accessible at our faculty
3 Creating your own database of references

30.11.     3.4 Scientometry - a tool for the evaluation of quality and scientific relevance of scientific work - Homework 2
               3.5 Peer review of scientific texts - step by step guide through the process


4 Artificial intelligence in experimental biology

7.12.      4.1 AI in the handling and processing of experimental data

              4.2 AI in scientific writing


5 Online information databases in experimental biology

14.12.    5.1 Databases of sequences
              5.2 Specialized sequence databases


6 Scientific writing

21.12.    6.1 Writing bachelor, master and dissertation thesis
 6.2 Writing scientific report/paper - good and bad habits, how to publish in a very good journal - Homework 3, info_auxin.pdf, source_tables.xlsx

              6.3 Writing scientific projects and grant proposals

Link to the recording of the lecture, unfortunately somehow the recording ended after 30 min, I totally do not know why. For the homework 3, everything is explained, in case yhou need some assistance, please let me know by email.

Ideally, please upload your three homework until January 14th, if you will not manage, it is also possible to do it later.


Link for uploading your homeworks

Link for the overview of submitted/uplaoded homeworks is here.



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